This new Refuse extremely earliest Babylonian Dynasty

Despite Hammurabi’s some army success, southern area Mesopotamia had no natural, defensible boundaries, and that caused it to be prone to attack. Following death of Hammurabi, its kingdom began to disintegrate rapidly. Below its replacement Samsu-iluna (1749-1712 BCE), the fresh new much southern area of Mesopotamia are lost to a district Akkadian queen, called Ilum-ma-ili, and you may turned the fresh new Sealand Dynasty; they stayed free of Babylon for the next 272 decades.

Both Babylonians in addition to their Amorite rulers was a student in fact determined off Assyria with the north from the a keen Assyrian-Akkadian governor titled Puzur-Sin, c. 1740 BCE. Amorite rule live for the a significantly-faster Babylon, Samshu-iluna’s substitute for, Abi-Eshuh, introduced a beneficial vain make an effort to recapture brand new Sealand Dynasty for Babylon, however, fulfilled beat right down to king Damqi-ilishu II. By the end off their leadership, Babylonia had shrunk to your smaller than average relatively weak country it is until the feet.

Hammurabi’s Code

The new Code away from Hammurabi are some 282 laws, written in c. 1754 BCE into the Babylon, and therefore focused on deals and members of the family relationships, offering a presumption away-from innocence and you can presentation regarding research.

The fresh new Code out-of Hammurabi is among the oldest deciphered site out-away from course worldwide, presenting a code aside-of guidelines off old Babylon inside Mesopotamia. Printed in off 1754 BCE on the sixth king off Babylon, Hammurabi, the latest Password are available towards the brick stele and you tend to clay tablets. They contains 282 statutes, having punishments that ranged centered on social standing (submissives, totally free boys, and you may residents). It’s extremely really-identified with the “a closer look taking a watch, an enamel to own an enamel” (lex talionis) version of punishment. Other styles aside-away from regulations away from guidelines is approximately on the region around so it big date, for instance the Password off Ur-Nammu, king away from Ur (c. 2050 BCE), this new Laws and regulations out of Eshnunna (c. 1930 BCE) therefore the codex out of Lipit-Ishtar regarding Isin (c. 1870 BCE).

A third of one’s password concerned about family and you may nearest and dearest affairs, and genes, divorce or separation, paternity and you can intimate choices

New laws was indeed developed inside the groups, so that citizens can potentially comprehend the topic which was necessary of these. Certain have observed new Code since the an early form of constitutional authorities, and also as an early particular the brand new presumption aside-of love, and also the ability to expose lookup in your needs. Intent try aren’t acknowledged and impacted abuse, with neglect certainly penalized. Some of the requisite murabi’s conclusion, with regards to notice-glorification. Nonetheless, the fresh new Password is simply read, duplicated, making access to as a product having court need for around 1500 years immediately after.

This new prologue of one’s Password features Hammurabi saying that he desires “to make fairness visible regarding house, so you can wreck the new sinful personal and you can poor-doer, your own solid might not damage the fresh new poor.” Big laws and regulations protected out of Code is slander, trade, bondage, this new conditions of pros, theft, liability, and you will divorce. Almost 1 / 2 of the new code worried about deals, such as for instance income to track down reduced, regards to purchases, and you may responsibility when there is possessions wreck. That point establishes that a courtroom who poorly describes an enthusiastic question can be taken off their position forever. Several areas address military services.

One of the most most-recognized parts of the fresh new Password was rules #196: “If the a person damage the eye of some other man, it has to destroy its eye. If a person split a beneficial mans skeleton, they have to split the branches. If a person ruin the attention away-of a good freeman or break the fresh bones of a beneficial freeman he pays you to definitely gold mina. If one wreck the interest aside-out-of good people’s slave if not split up a bone tissue of an excellent people’s servant the guy commonly shell out you to definitely-step 1 / dos of the costs.”

Deja una respuesta

Tu dirección de correo electrónico no será publicada. Los campos obligatorios están marcados con *

Este sitio usa Akismet para reducir el spam. Aprende cómo se procesan los datos de tus comentarios.